Whenever I tell anyone I research e-cigarettes, they almost always have a viewpoint about them. Some will be vapers themselves, and those who are will almost without fail sing the praises of the device that finally helped them stop smoking. But often people who’ve never tried e-cigarettes will focus on the potential risks from utilizing them, and in particular whether they’re likely to reintroduce smoking to a young generation who have been steadily shunning it in larger and larger numbers over recent decades. A certain fear is that young adults will test out e-cigarettes and that this will be a gateway in to smoking, along with fears around the harms from e-cigarettes themselves.
A recently available detailed study of more than 60,000 UK 11-16 year olds found that young people who try out e-cigarettes are often those who already smoke cigarettes, and even then experimentation mostly doesn’t translate to regular use. Not just that, but smoking rates among young adults in the united kingdom are still declining. Studies conducted currently investigating the gateway hypothesis that vaping results in smoking have tended to check out whether having ever tried an e-cigarette predicts later smoking. But younger people who try out e-cigarettes will probably be distinct from people who don’t in a lot of alternative methods – maybe they’re just more keen to take risks, which will also boost the likelihood that they’d try out cigarettes too, whether or not they’d used e-cigarettes.
Although you will find a small minority of young adults that do start to use e-cigarettes without previously as being a smoker, as yet there’s little evidence this then increases the potential risk of them becoming E Cigarettes Review. Enhance this reports from Public Health England that have concluded e-cigarettes are 95% safer than smoking, and you will think that might be the final from the fear surrounding them.
But e-cigarettes have really divided the public health community, with researchers who may have the common goal of reducing the levels of smoking and smoking-related harm suddenly finding themselves on opposite sides in the debate. This is concerning, and partly because in a relative dearth of research on the devices the same findings are used by each side to support and criticise e-cigarettes. And all of this disagreement is playing in the media, meaning an unclear picture of what we understand (and don’t know) about e-cigarettes has been portrayed, with vapers feeling persecuted and people who have not even made an effort to quit mistakenly believing that there’s no part of switching, as e-cigarettes might be just like harmful as smoking.
An unexpected consequence of this may be it causes it to be harder to perform the very research needed to elucidate longer-term effects of e-cigarettes. Which is something we’re experiencing while we try to recruit for the current study. Our company is conducting a research project funded by CRUK, where we’re collecting saliva samples from smokers, vapers and non-smokers. We’re taking a look at DNA methylation, a biological marker that influences gene expression. It’s been shown that smokers possess a distinct methylation profile, in comparison to non-smokers, and it’s possible that these changes in methylation may be linked to the increased risk of harm from smoking – for example cancer risk. Even if the methylation changes don’t make the increased risk, they could be a marker of it. We want to compare the patterns noticed in smokers and non-smokers with the ones from e-cigarette users, potentially giving us some insight into the long-term impact of vaping, without having to watch for time for you to elapse. Methylation changes happen relatively quickly as compared to the start of chronic illnesses.
Portion of the difficulty with this particular is the fact we know that smokers and ex-smokers possess a distinct methylation pattern, and that we don’t want this clouding any pattern from vaping, which suggests we have to recruit vapers who’ve never (or certainly only rarely) smoked. And also this is proving challenging for just two reasons. Firstly, as borne out from the recent research, it’s unusual for folks who’ve never smoked cigarettes to consider up regular vaping. Yes, maybe they’ll experiment, but that doesn’t necessarily cause an e-cigarette habit.
But in addition to that, an unexpected problem has become the unwillingness of some within the vaping community to aid us recruit. And they’re delay because of fears that whatever we discover, the results will be utilized to paint a poor picture of vaping, and vapers, by people who have an agenda to push. I don’t want to downplay the extreme helpfulness of plenty of kbajyo within the vaping community in aiding us to recruit – thanks a lot, you know what you are about. However I was disheartened to learn that for some, the misinformation and scaremongering around vaping has reached the point where they’re opting from the research entirely. And after talking with people directly relating to this, it’s tough to criticize their reasoning. We have now also found that several e-cigarette retailers were immune to setting up posters hoping to recruit people who’d never smoked, because they didn’t want to be seen to be promoting e-cigarette use within people who’d never smoked, which can be again completely understandable and really should be applauded.
Exactly what can perform concerning this? Hopefully as increasing numbers of scientific studies are conducted, and that we get clearer info on e-cigarettes ability to act as a smoking cessation tool, the disagreement around them will disappear. Until then, Hopefully vapers still agree to take part in research therefore we can fully explore the potential for these products, specifically those rare “unicorns” who vape but have never smoked, as they could be crucial to helping us comprehend the impact of vaping, when compared with smoking.